Monday, 15 December, 2008


Sri Rajagopala Swamy Temple

Sri Dharmeshwarar temple

Gaja Brishta Vimanam


inscriptions on the temple wall



Manimangalam is about 8 km west of Tambaram on the Vandalur- Sriperumbudur Road.
The village is historically important because in the 7th century, Manimangalam was the scene of a great battle between the Pallava ruler, Mamalla, 

and the Chalukyan monarch, Pulikesin II. It is renowned for an old temple of Sri Rajagoplan temple and Sri Dharmeswara Temple.

Manimangalam is about 32 km to the east of Kanchipuram.


No. 41.- On the east wall of the Dharmesvara temple

Like No. 40, this inscription is dated on a week-day which will probably admit of calculation, in the 18th year of the reign of 

Tribhuvanachakravartin  Rajarajadeva.  It records that the same two brothers, who are mentioned in No. 39 above, paid to the authorities of the 

Dharmesvaa temple two kalanju of gold, from the interest of which the cost of feeding two lamps had to be defrayed.

(Line 1.) Hail ! Prosperity ! With the approval of the god, - in the 18th year (of the reign) of the emperor of the three worlds, Sri-Rajarajadeva, 

on the day of Revati, which corresponded to a Tuesday and to the second tithi of the second fortnight of the month of Simha, - we, all the 

holders of the land (kani) of the Siva-Brahmanas of the temple of the lord Tanmisvara at Manimangalam, alias Gramasikhamani-

chaturvedimangalam, in Kunrattur-nadu, (a subdivision) of Puliyur-kottam, alias Kulottunga-Sola-valanadu, (a district) of Jayankonda-Sola-mandalam, 

(viz.,) Gautaman Ambalakkutta-Bhattan, Kasyappan Gangadhara-Bhattan, and the partners[4] of  Kasyapan Truchchirrambala-Bhattan, received on 

interest from Brahmapriyan, the eldest son of Panchanadi Lakshmanan Malaiginiyaninran, the accountant of this village, and his younger brother 

Ahavamalladevan 2 kalanju of pure gold (under the condition) that we should burn at early dawn from this day two sacred lamps which (those two 

persons) had given (to the temple).

(L. 8.) We, all these persons, caused to be engraved on stone that, having received these two kalanju of gold, we shall be bound to burn (those 

two lamps) as long as the moon and the sun exist.

(L. 9.) This was written under order by Manimangalam-udaiyan Alumbiran.

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Anonymous said...
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K said...
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S K Naicker said...

Great snaps of great Temples. but still some temples are missing.

Manimangalam is 20 km to the east of Sriperumbudur, 10 kms to the west of Tambaram and about 32 km to the east of Kanchipuram.

Manimangalam was the gateway to Kancheepuram while travelling from Mamallapuram.

Manimangalam is an ancient pilgrimage center. It has been found from old records that this village had borne this name 'Manimangalam' even in the 7th century Pallava period. 'Mani' means gem.

There are five anicent temples in the manimangalam. Dharmeswara temple(A 1400 years old, Beautiful temple maintained by Archaeological Soceity of India.), Kailasanathar Temple ( built by Vijaya Balaya chola 1000 YEARS old called CHATURVEDA MANGALAM during chola rule),RajaGopala Perumal Temple, Vaiyaaleshwara Temple and Village god- Thamarai kanni amman Temple.

There were only two Rajagopala Swamy temples - this one at Manimangalam and the other one at Mannargudi.

It finds a place in the history of South India as the place where Narasimha Varma Pallava defeated the Chalukyas in the 7th century A.D and retain the kancheepuram and re-established the Pallava Empire in Kanchipuram. This fact is mentioned in the copper plates discovered at Kooram. Kalki has written about the Manimangalam battle in his book ‘Sivagamiyin Sabatham’. He describes how Mahendra Varma Pallava was injured in the battle at Manimangalam, and how his son Narasimha Varma Pallava and his trusted lieutenant Paranjoti vanquished Pulikesi’s army.

S K Naicker

15 December, 2008 6:13 PM

Anonymous said...

Where is Vaiyaaleshwara Temple in Manimangalam. do you have that temple photo?